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Letter of Recommendation

What is a Letter of Recommendation (LOR)?

Updated on Mar 26, 2020
Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee

Study Abroad Expert

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The LOR is a document that provides the admission officers with a comprehensive insight into your suitable candidature, for admission into the concerned University. The full form of LOR is a Letter of Recommendation. This letter aims at enabling the Admission officers to gain a clearer and favourable picture of your experience, achievements, contributions, and skills communicated by the recommender through the recommendation letter.

Types of LOR (Letter of Recommendation)

Letter of Recommendations broadly can be classified into two broad categories based on the Nature of the Recommender:

1. Academic LOR

A letter of recommendation provided by a faculty member of your previous institute. Usually, universities ask you to provide two or three LORs from your previous institute (this could be your teachers from your schools in case of undergraduate courses and professors from your college in case you are applying for masters' programs). The  often varies in the content and requires the professor to highlight the applicant's accomplishments as a student of the course. Often, these are more relevant to  or Bachelor Courses abroad.

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 2. Professional LOR

Most of the  have pre-defined work experience requirements. Accordingly, they request for a Professional Letter of Recommendation from an immediate supervisor. The  varies from an Academic LOR in terms of some specific content that focusses on the applicant's ability to work within a team, the exposure to the domain as well as his/her leadership abilities - all necessary to the MBA course applied for.

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Who needs LOR? Why do they need them?

Any student going to study abroad requires an academic letter of recommendation. Irrespective of course (UG, MS, MBA, or PhD) and country, every student requires at least three letters of recommendation from either their college or professional background. For UG, students, LORs can be taken from teachers, professors, school counsellors or principal. For MS students, college professors, internships supervisor, or team lead/ manager from the company they have worked in can issue recommendation letters. For MBA students, LORs should be purely professional, especially, if they have an experience of three years or more. For MBA and PhD aspirants who have recently graduated from college, they can ask for recommendation letters from their college professors or projects guides.

How to write a Recommendation Letter (LOR)?

快穿系统女主深吻hUnless and otherwise specified, a letter of recommendation is a 400-500 word essay that talks about the candidate's strengths and weaknesses. There are some like the nature of association as well as the tenure of association. Apart from that, some basic formats must also be kept in mind.

  • Most of the universities require this letter to be on the official letterhead.
  • For an Academic LOR - the university's letterhead is required and for a Professional LOR - the letterhead of the company.
  • One thing important to remember in the latter case is that the letterhead should be of the company the recommender is working in. This usually creates a problem if your recommender has moved on to another organization. Hence, the student must know .
  • An important point to be kept in mind is that a LOR is not a repetition of an SOP.
  • An ideal LOR is supposed to demonstrate aspects/perspectives of your personality not mentioned in your SOP or resume. Thus, an ideal recommender is the one who knows you well, has personally witnessed the quality of work delivered by you and readily agreed to provide specific instances of your valued contribution and excellence.
  • A generic LOR is a strict no-no, as it does not offer much value to your candidature for the program you are applying.

You must always remember that the Admission Committee scurries through thousands of applications and yours is one of them. Now, in order to stand out, focus on including your qualities and accomplishments reinforced by real instances. Another important point here is to endeavour to make all your LORs unique and that can be achieved only if you include unique instances in all the LORs. Making an  is as important as . Just keep the formats in place and remember the .

The recommendation letters for different courses need to be written accordingly.

Recommendation letter format: Shiksha Guidelines

Out of all the  available online, one gets into a dilemma deciding the right format for themselves. As explained above, there are different types of recommendation letters that depend on the course and the recommender itself. Apart from this, it is also important to pay attention to the formatting and overall hygiene of the document. To help the students with their application process, Shiksha has its own set of guidelines that expedites this process by advising them about the formatting, format, and hygiene of the document. To know more about it, read . 

Why Are Recommendation Letters Important?

快穿系统女主深吻hAs almost every application necessitates submission of 2-3 recommendation letters, you must have your recommenders identified and agreed to prepare your letter well in time. Also, do not underrate the  as it is almost as important as your ,, or any other document for that matter. A Letter of Recommendation is the document that provides credibility to your whole profile as it strong support of your profile from experienced and learned professors and persons. Similarly, while , you must remember a few key pointers following which you will end up submitting outstanding LOR’s to the Admission Committee.

eservicestar.com helps students apply to 300+ universities worldwide with free SOP/LOR editing services. To know more details and get a free profile evaluation, check out our .

FAQs for LOR

Q. Any advice on how to request a letter of recommendation?

A. If you are a student, your Professors will be happy and willing to give you a recommendation letter for your admission in universities. However, you might get confused about which professor to ask for LOR. In such a case, you can ask any Professor with whom you share a good rapport with, HoD or your Project Guide for a LOR. You will not need much coaxing to get a genuine LOR from them. In the professional front, you can ask your Reporting Manager, Team Lead or Project Lead for a LOR as they already know you closely. Last but not the least, it is always favourable to be in the good books of your Professors and/or Project Leads/Managers!

Q. What kind of information does the recommender need from me for the LOR?

快穿系统女主深吻hA. If your recommender is willing to write the LOR himself/herself, then you should provide them with the following data:

  • Your resume (this should contain all your experience in the college/firm). This will help him/her to remember instances easily and write accordingly.
  • The name of your target university and a link to their website/department website. It is a good idea to share with them the programme and course name as well.
  • Personal characteristics you would like them to talk about (related to the recommender)
  • Specific achievements you would like them to mention (related to the recommender)

Q. Can a fellow student or colleague write a LOR for me?

A. This is a common misconception but No. A fellow student or your colleague cannot write a Letter of Recommendation for you, as a LOR needs to be professional and devoid of any friendly or biased notions. Hence, universities even specify how many letters of recommendation they require from your professional and academic front.

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About the Author

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee

Study Abroad Expert

Srishti majored in English from Delhi University and has four years of experience in the Education Industry, specialising in Study Abroad Application Process. She has guided various Indian students in developing docum...Read Full Bio

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Comments (33)

UG Aspirant3 weeks ago

Hello mam please could you tell me how to apply for offer latter

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert3 weeks ago

Hi Sarjeet, please be specific about the course/specialisation, country, etc you are aiming for, so accordingly I can share with you the application process. For reference, you can read:
Thanks!

UG Aspirant2 months ago

快穿系统女主深吻hMa'am, I need to know that is it compulsory to have mathematics and biology both to take admission as an international student in canada if I want to do Bsc in nursing.

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert2 months ago

Hi Md Shams, please go through this list of colleges offering BSc in Nursing:
快穿系统女主深吻h Most of the universities will ask or Math and Bio in class 12th. However, you need to check the university website and course details page to know more about the eligibility requirement as they might ask for certain % as well in class 12th. Thanks!

2 months ago

whom should i "assign" as a school counselor as i am studying in nios which is asked when filling an application for international universities? Is the regional center staff approachable for this position, and yes , that staff is not a teacher or principal

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert2 months ago

快穿系统女主深吻hThe regional staff cannot be termed as a school counsellor. However, if you have passed 9th, 10th or 11th from a regular school, you can ask any one of those teachers to for this position. Thanks!

2 months ago

ma'am, i am studying from an open school (NIOS), and therefore i don't have any school teacher who teaches me, then how can i get the letter of recommendation and from whom?

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert2 months ago

Hi Vipul, if have done your 9th, 10th, or 11th from a regular school, you can get LORs from those teachers.

UG Aspirant3 months ago

If person doing 12 from open school then what’s the process to get lor can you explain

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert3 months ago

Hi Shivam, if you have done your 10th or 11th from a regular school, you can get LORs from those teachers. Thanks!

UG Aspirant4 months ago

Hlo mam can a medical student without math with pcb (physics ,chemstry and biology ) take admission inhospitality and hotel services diploma in canada

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert4 months ago

Hi Krishan, some universities may accept without Math. So you need to check eligibility for each university and shortlist accordingly. Here is a list of Canadian colleges offering Diploma in Hospitality:
Please check the university details and eligibility requirements to know more. Thanks!

4 months ago

Hi
快穿系统女主深吻h Can I apply for Canada universities with out LOR because I have graduated from IGNOU?

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert4 months ago

Hi Devadula, you cannot apply without LORs as it is a part of the application process, so you cannot skip it. You can also get LORs from your workplace or if you underwent an internship, you can get a LOR from them.
Thanks!

4 months ago

How to get a LOR from INDIRA GANDHI NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY?

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert4 months ago

Hi Devadula, you can ask the teaching faculty for a LOR if have attended any classes for that subject, else it will be difficult to get a LOR from IGNOU as there are no regular classes. If you had any practical classes/apprenticeship, you can ask for a LOR from the supervisor. Thanks!

PG Aspirant5 months ago

Hello
I am Pritam
快穿系统女主深吻h I have completed B.tech in Civil engineering & have 4 years work experience. How could I take admission for ms course in USA with scholarship?

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert5 months ago

Hi Pritam, scholarships depend on either merit or need. You can find information on different scholarships here:
Use the filter option to choose course and stream and check details for eligibility.
Thanks!

PG Aspirant5 months ago

Hello
I am suman
快穿系统女主深吻h I have completed my BA with 56% and i have no work experience. Can i pursue mba in Australia.

Srishti Chatterjee
Srishti Chatterjee
Study Abroad Expert5 months ago

Hi Suman, apart from academics and work experience, you need to have the exam scores ready as well. Accordingly, you need to check the university's eligibility criteria whether you are a fit or not. For more information, please read:
Thanks!